Understanding the Global Challenge of Human Trafficking through the Trafficking in Persons Report
The Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) is published annually by the U.S. Department of State and analyzes governments’ prosecution, protection, and prevention efforts in combating human trafficking. The full 2018 report can be downloaded here.
Each year, countries are rated according to the government’s effort and commitment to meet the minimum standards of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act. Below is an explanation of the tier system and a list of tier placement for countries across the globe.
Countries whose governments fully meet the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA) minimum standards.
Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to meet those standards.
Countries whose governments do not fully meet the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.
Tier 2 Watch List
Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to meet those standards AND:
The absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing;
There is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year, including increased investigations, prosecutions, and convictions of trafficking crimes, increased assistance to victims, and decreasing evidence of complicity in severe forms of trafficking by government officials; or
The determination that a country is making significant efforts to meet the minimum standards was based on commitments by the country to take additional future steps over the next year.